M5.2 solar flare, Active geomagnetic conditions

Monday, 7 November 2022 16:35 UTC

M5.2 solar flare, Active geomagnetic conditions

Quite the surprise today! Sunspot region 3141 unexpectedly produced an M5.2 solar flare (R2-moderate radio blackout) that peaked at 00:11 UTC. The solar flare was however impulsive which means it was very short in duration. The resulting coronal mass ejection is very minor and not aimed at Earth.

Sunspot region 3141 has a simple Beta magnetic layout. Sunspot regions with such a magnetic layout rarely produce solar flares of this magnitude making the surprise even bigger. It does seem very unlikely that this sunspot region is capable of producing solar flares of a similar magnitude in the future unless it develops a more complex magnetic layout.

Active geomagnetic conditions

We are also currently in a period with active geomagnetic conditions which stands for a Kp of 4. This is caused by the passage of what is likely a small undetected coronal mass ejection. The north-south component (Bz) of the magnetic field is pointing southward fueling auroral activity. The solar wind speed remains low at around 400km/s. We might see minor G1 geomagnetic storm conditions in the near future (Kp5) but stronger (G2 or higher) storm conditions are unlikely.

Thank you for reading this article! Did you have any trouble with the technical terms used in this article? Our help section is the place to be where you can find in-depth articles, a FAQ and a list with common abbreviations. Still puzzled? Just post on our forum where we will help you the best we can! Never want to miss out on a space weather event or one of our news articles again? Subscribe to our mailing list, follow us on Twitter and Facebook and download the SpaceWeatherLive app for Android and iOS!

Latest news

Support SpaceWeatherLive.com!

A lot of people come to SpaceWeatherLive to follow the Sun's activity or if there is aurora to be seen, but with more traffic comes higher server costs. Consider a donation if you enjoy SpaceWeatherLive so we can keep the website online!

44%
Support SpaceWeatherLive with our merchandise
Check out our merchandise

Latest alerts

Get instant alerts!

Space weather facts

Last X-flare2024/03/28X1.1
Last M-flare2024/04/16M1.1
Last geomagnetic storm2024/04/16Kp5 (G1)
Spotless days
Last spotless day2022/06/08
Monthly mean Sunspot Number
March 2024104.9 -19.8

This day in history*

Solar flares
12022X1.1
22022M4.4
32002M3.79
42001M1.97
52022M1.89
ApG
11994100G4
2200262G3
3199947G3
4199631G1
5199724G1
*since 1994

Social networks