Coronal mass ejection arrival, G2 geomagnetic storm

Tuesday, 17 March 2015 - 10:25 UTC

Coronal mass ejection arrival, G2 geomagnetic storm

The coronal mass ejection likely associated with the C9 solar flare has arrived at Earth, much earlier than expected. A sudden increase in the solar wind and IMF parameters were observed but the direction of the IMF stayed north until around 06:00 UTC when it turned southward for a couple of hours to about -20nT. The geomagnetic field responded and a moderate G2 geomagnetic storm followed.

Image: OVATION model run for the northern hemisphere valid at 2015-03-17 09:15 UTC.

Image: Aurora Australis captured only moments ago by Eddie Griffiths from New Zealand.

Current conditions

Coronal mass ejection effects continue at the time of writing with the solar wind speed being close to 600km/s and the strength of the IMF being close to a high value of 25nT. The direction of the IMF is however pointing north now around 12nT which should cause the geomagnetic conditions to calm down a bit in the hours ahead. Nonetheless, the geomagnetic field is disturbed and more auroral outbreaks are possible. Sky watchers in Tasmania and Victoria (Australia) and the southern island of New Zealand along with the upper United States should remain alert for aurora providing skies are clear at your location.

It is still too early to tell what European sky watchers should expect but CME effects will likely persist for another 12 to 24 hours. The direction of the IMF could very well turn southward in the hours ahead which could spark more aurora over Europe this coming evening. Keep an eye on the stats as European evening hours approach.

Thank you for reading this article! Did you had trouble with some of the technical terms used in this article? Our help section is the place to be where you can find in-depth articles, a FAQ and a list with common abbreviations. Still puzzled? Just post on our forum where we will help you the best we can! Never want to miss out on a space weather event or one of our news articles again? Subscribe to our mailing list, follow us on Twitter and Facebook and download the SpaceWeatherLive app for Android and iOS!

Latest news

Support SpaceWeatherLive.com!

A lot of people come to SpaceWeatherLive to follow the Sun's activity or if there is aurora to be seen, but with more traffic comes higher server costs. Consider a donation if you enjoy SpaceWeatherLive so we can keep the website online!

93%

Latest alerts

Get instant alerts!

Space weather facts

Last X-flare:2017/09/10X8.2
Last M-flare:2017/10/20M1.0
Last geomagnetic storm:2019/06/08Kp5 (G1)
Number of spotless days in 2019:110
Last spotless day:2019/06/23

This day in history*

Solar flares
11998M1.0
21999M1.0
32000C9.3
42003C3.9
52004C3.6
ApG
1200331G1
2199925G1
3200018
4199717G1
5199414
*since 1994

Social networks